Tag Archives: umbilical cord

Newborn Twins

Congratulations for your newborn twins. In this article you will find information about newborn twins.

Early Days of Twins:

Your newborn babies have very little head control, so yo need to make sure they are well supported. Sometime  newborns noises  are very loud, if your baby get upset and cry, they will not share tears this conditions happens mostly in early days to months. Your babies may look more pink because of the higher blood count in their bodies, but immature circulation may leave their hands and feet cold.  Babies cannot easily control their temperatures and can overheat, so the number of blankets required depends on the that time’s temperature. Your babies may still have Vernix ( waxy coating) in the creases of their ears, arms and groin. This waxy coating protects their skin in the womb and come away after their few baths. Babies often have skin imperfections, tiny white spots, or little rashes that gradually disappear. Flat pink or red spots at the base of babies necks or over eyelids are commonly referred to as stork bites. They may more noticeable when your babies cry, but will fade over time.

      Your tiny twins will look a bit squished for the first few days until they uncurl, this is changes in weekly to monthly.  Your baby sleep a lot initially because they have habit to sleep in womb that habit continuous outside the womb also. , giving you time to study them in detail and you will also get good sleep and rest well. During this period babies will cry more because they don,t know the difference between day and night and also due to hunger. They do not know when should take milk and at the same time they want to sleep also. In this situation you need more patience and try to feed and calm them by cuddling them. You should feed them after every 2 hours. Set time so child will not  cry more.

Head Shape:

The shape of your babies heads will depend, to an extent, on the birth, caesarean babies will have rounder heads than those born vaginally. Laying your babies on their backs to sleep may accurate uneven head shapes, but this is necessary to prevent cot death. Once your babies gain head control their head shapes will even out. Your babies have two soft spots on the top of their head called fontanelles, which are spaces between the growing skull bones. These fuse as your babies grow. You may see it pulsating from time to time, but this is normal. If you notice that your babies fontanelle have sunk, contact your GP or Doctor or midwife, as it could be sigh of serious dehydration.

 Umbilical cord:    

Your twins will each have an umbilical cord or stump where their cords where cut. You will need to keep these ares clean and dry to prevent infection. When the cord fall off, after a week or two, you will see your tummy buttons.

For spot and differences in twins, dressing them in different cloths, this will  helps them to develop their own individual identity.

Umbilical Cord Care (Stump) for Babies

The umbilical cord is the baby’s lifeline to the mother during pregnancy. However, it no longer is needed once the baby is born. Within a few minutes after birth, the cord is clamped and cut close to the navel. The clamp helps stop bleeding from the three blood vessels in the umbilical cord – two arteries and one vein. A medication is applied to the cord as part of a baby’s first care. This may be a purple dye or another type of antiseptic. In this article you will find all the information about umbilical cord care.
By the time the baby goes home from the hospital, the cord is beginning to dry and wither. The clamp can be removed when the cord is completely dry. The cord falls off by itself in about two to three weeks. Because the umbilical cord may be a place for infection to enter the baby’s body, it is important to care for it properly.

How to take care of your baby’s umbilical cord?
Your baby’s physician will give you instructions on how to keep the cord clean. Alcohol often is used at each diaper change. Some physicians recommend using plain water, or just allowing it to air dry.
Keep the cord on the outside of the baby’s diaper. Some newborn-size diapers have special cut-outs for the cord area, but you can also fold down the top edge of the diaper.

Call your baby’s physician if there is:

Bleeding from the end of the cord or the area near the skin.
Pus (a yellow or white discharge).
Swelling or redness around the navel.
Signs that the navel area is painful to your baby.

There may be a small amount of blood after the cord falls off, but this should stop quickly. Never try to pull the cord off.
Parents are often concerned about a baby’s navel being an “Linnie” or an “outie.” There is no way to predict this or make the navel look one way or another. Contrary to popular traditions, taping a coin or other flat object over the navel does not help. It is common in some babies for there to be a small protrusion of the baby’s abdomen around the navel, especially when the baby cries. This is part of the baby’s development and usually goes away on its own.

Some babies may have a weakness in the abdominal muscles called an umbilical hernia. This can be checked by your baby’s physician to see if treatment is necessary.

After the birth of your baby, the umbilical cord will be clamped to your baby’s stomach, and cut off in a painless procedure. This leaves a ’stump’ which will eventually dry up and fall off. This will generally happen within 10 – 21 days. Once it falls off, there will be a small wound that will take a few days to heal. It’s very important to take special care of this area, before and after the stump falls off to avoid infection.

  • keep area clean and dry as much as possible
  • fold the diaper under the stump to keep it from being exposed to your baby’s urine. You can also buy diapers with an area cut out to keep the stump from being covered, although I found that folding a regular diaper worked just as well, if not better.
  • don’t be alarmed when there is a little blood on the diaper after the stump falls off. This is perfectly normal and expected, although I have to admit, it does look kind of gross!
  • until the stump area heals, you might want to give your baby sponge baths to keep the area from getting wet.
  • while it’s healing, you may see little bits of flesh in the belly button. This is also normal for slow healing umbilical cords, and these ‘connective tissues’ will go away.
  • clean the base of the stump with a wet cotton swab or Q-tip. Just use water and not alcohol, which can kill the good bacteria that helps the stump heal. This can be done at each diaper change.
  • expose your baby’s naval to the air as much as possible. This will help the cord to dry out.

-your baby’s stump turns black
-blood on the diaper right after the stump falls off

-naval becoming swollen or red
-pus starts to appear in the stump area
-foul smell
-bleeding that lasts more than 3 days

Umbilical Hernia

If your baby develops an umbilical hernia, it will appear as a small bump in the naval area. This will generally go away as your child gets older and won’t cause any problems, but you may still want to mention it to your doctor at the next post-natal visit. Umbilical hernias are actually quite common in babies because their muscles are still weak and not fully developed yet.

Signs and symptoms:

  • A soft swelling either at the navel or slightly above the navel, it usually, appears within few weeks of birth.
  • The bulge may not be present in the morning, but may reappear during the day, may also disappear when the baby is quiet.
  • The bulge is more noticeable when the baby cries or tenses the abdomen.
  • If you feel the area with your finger, you will find a small round opening in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The hernia passes through this ring.

Care and Remedies: Umbilical hernias are very common. No immediate treatment is required and the hernia usually disappears when baby becomes one year old.

  • Crying does not make hernias any bigger or last any longer. They are not painful and they never break.
  • If it persist up to 5 to 6 years old, at that age, outpatient surgery can be performed to close the defect if the child concern about or if muscle defect is more than 2centimeters across.