Tag Archives: protein requirment

Importance of the Grains for children

There is such a wide variety of grains and legumes. Theses are very nutritive and good for digestion.

Grains can be the seeds of grasses, the most commonly known being oats, brown rice, wheat, barley and rye. Grain’s seed is made up of by three parts, the first part is the germ or heart of the seed, is high is all B vitamins, vitamin E, Iron, Protein and Carbohydrates. The second part is the covering the germ is endosperm, which is the largest part of the grain and it contains, carbohydrate and a trace amount of minerals and vitamins. A. Third part are brans, it is an outer covering and it provides fibre, B vitamins, and trace amount proteins and minerals.

There are much kind of grains bellow chart is the summary of grains name and their importance.

Grain Name Importance
Brown Rice Good in digestion. Supplies B vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
Millet Rich in iron, easy to digest, gives protein when combine with milk, good source of B vitamins.
Barley Fairly easy to digest, trace amount of minerals are found
Oats Rich in protein, iron and vitamin B. Easy to digest.
Wheat High in protein, vitamin E and Vitamin B. It is less easily digesting therefore not allowed for children less than seven months. But bulgur or cracked wheat can be allowed to six month old babies and older.
Buckwheat Rich in calcium. Good source of Vitamin C. Fairly easy to digest.
Rye Rich in potassium, Vitamin E, magnesium, silicone and unsaturated fatty acids ( food which prevents heart diseases)

Comparison of nutrients found in 100 grams of whole raw grains. 

Grain names Iron in mg Calcium in mg Vitamin B1 in mg Vitamin B2 in mg Niacin in mg Protein in mg Protein quality in percent Calories
Wheat 3.1 36 0.57 0.12 4.3 14.0 60 330 to 340
Buckwheat 3.1 114 0.60 00 4.4 11.7 65 335 to 350
Barley 2.7 34 0.21 0.07 3.7 9.6 60 348 to 358
Millet 6.8 20 0.73 0.38 2.3 9.9 55 327 to 330
Rye 3.7 38 0.43 0.22 1.6 12.1 58 334 to 340
Oats 4.5 53 0.60 0.14 1.0 14.2 66 390 to 400
Rice 1.6 32 0.34 0.05 4.5 7.5 70 360 to 380

Tip: Vitamin E is destroyed quickly by exposure to the air. If you grind any grains in the powder for baby food then grind it in very small quantity. Then keep it in an air tight container in the fridge for one month.

Recipes: 

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

Protein Requirement in Vegeterian Babies

Generally, you will be concerned about a number of various foods that your baby eats. If you have only healthy food around the house, there is no fear that the child will over eating or get too much of one nutrient. It is only when high sugar and empty calorie junk foods are available that babies unbalance food.

The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) is based on age groups from birth to six months, from six months to a year, and from one year to three years. For children under one year of age, the RDA based on an analysis of breast milk or mother with healthy children. Sometimes, the absorption of this nutrition is less efficient in formulas than in breast milk, therefore, the allowance given is for formula fed babies.

 Here is the more information about the amount of protein and amino acids requires for the babies.

PROTEIN:  It is the essential building block of all body tissue including cell walls, muscles, blood, hair, and internal organs such as heart and brain. It is needed for the formation f hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Since babies are growing, they need protein per unit of body weight than do adults; it is for developing the new body.
 According to t The National Academy of Science explains,

“During the first year f life, the protein content of the body increase from 11 to 14.6% and body weight increase by approximately 7kilogram. The average increase in body protein is about 3.5 grammes. a day during the first four months and 3.1 grammes per day during the next eight months. By four years of age, body protein content reaches the adult value of 18 to 19%.” 

Protein is made up of amino acids, these are 22 in which 14 amino acids are prepared or synthesised in the body called non-essential. (Though non-essential name these are essential actually) While eight amino acids are not synthesised in the body but can be taken from the body are called essential amino acids.  For a baby, there are nine essential amino acids because histidine is produced only by an adult body and must be supplied in infant’s diet.

Essential amino acids:

  1.  Histidine
  2. Threonine
  3. Leucine
  4. Isoleucine
  5. Lysine
  6. Tryptophan
  7. Valine
  8. Methionine ( sulphur – containing amino acids)
  9. Phenylalanine ( Aromatic amino acids)

If these amino acids are supplied in the proper proportions, the RDA for protein intake for young babies as follows,

Age                                                     Grammes of Protein

 0-6 months                                           pounds of body weight times 1

 6-12 months                                         pounds of body weight times 0.9

 1-3 years                                               23 grammes

According to RDA the first six months of babies analysis for lactation from their mother is determined. Sufficient amount protein and amino acids are found in breast milk than for other diets.

Vegan mummies who are taking few dairy products will get fewer amino acids like tryptophan, methionine and protein are not in sufficient amount. But these amino acids and protein can be found in the certain nut, legumes grains and seeds. If you combine these things with your regular diet you will get sufficient amount of protein and amino acids. Here are useful combinations for you,

1. Grains with legumes or nuts.

  2. grains with milk products.

3. seeds with legumes or nuts.

Recipes: 

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.
      

Lentil tortilla

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 40 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish, Salad, Side Dish, Snack, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 75g brown or green lentils (half cup)
  • 225g broccoli florets
  • 2 red onion (roundly chopped)
  • 175g cherry tomatoes (halved)
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 tablespoons milk or water
  • 3-4 tablespoons mixed herbs like parsely
  • 8 free range eggs
  • salt and black pepper (to taste)

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

 

Directions

Step 1
Place the lentils in a pan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil, reduce the heat and simmer for 20-25 minutes.
Step 2
Stir it and check it, lentil is cooked more than half, then add broccoli and cook for 2 minutes. Switch off the hob.
Step 3
Take another pan, add olive oil then onion rounds and cook for 5 to 8 minutes till golden brown color. Stir in between to avoid burning of onion.
Step 4
In another bowl add eggs, beat it, then add salt,black pepper, mixed herbs and lentil broccoli mixture, mix well. Now add all this mixture in onions, add cherry tomatoes. Keep this mixture in oven for 190°C / 375°F / Gas Mark 5 or in pan on hob for 10-12 minutes.
Step 5
Remove from oven, ready to serve hot, sprinkle cheese (optional).
This recipe is 212kcal or 886kj in calories
 

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.