Tag Archives: fruits and vegetables for child

Fruit and vegetables for children

The food products you can start when your child is 4 to 12 months old. Now in this article, we will discuss Fruits and Vegetables for children.

Fruits and vegetables contain lots of vitamin, minerals and fibre with the variety of colours flavours and textures. Try fresh, frozen or canned vegetable and fruits at around age one. Fruit and vegetable should eat daily, try to habituate your child. This may require some time but be patient and use some different ideas as written below. If your child refuses to eat vegetable or fruit or both, keep offering him and make sure that you like fruit and vegetables very much. Try to convince him.

Some fruits:

  • Strawberries.
  • Melon and their other types
  • Black currents
  • Pineapple
  • Apple
  • Orange or orange juices (without artificial flavour and colour)
  • Banana
  • Grapes cut into 2 pieces
  • Plums
  • Peach
  • Kiwis
  • Pears
  • Cherries
  • Fig
  • Passion fruit
  • Pomegranate
  • Mango
  • Lime

Some Vegetables

Fruit and vegetable Ideas

  • Carrot sticks, cucumber sticks, peeled and chopped apple, peeled and chopped banana give any of this as a snack.
  • Make pizza with vegetable toppings and add some fruits if you like.
  • Add some dried fruits in yoghurt
  • Mix chopped boiled vegetables in rice or with slices of chapati or pita bread.
  • Make the sandwich of favourite vegetables with cheese.
  • Give some mashed potatoes with rice or chapatti.
  • Prepare tasty pasta with favourite vegetables.
  • Use lentils with vegetables like carrots, tomatoes, peas, corn and more with bread or chapattis.

Broccoli

Add little water in broccoli then steam it, until it mash and sieve. It is a good first food but has some strong tasting on its own. So mixed it with baby rice or boiled potato.

Turnip

It also boiled with the little amount of water, until it becomes soft and mash or sieve. Give this with root vegetable like the carrot. It is also good first food for babies.

Avocado  

It should be soft and ripe. Generally dark brown colour avocado is best for babies. Cut it into 2 halves then remove the seed and skin of the avocado. Now remove the white pulp by using the spoon. Mix this pulp with breast milk or formula milk.

Carrots    

These are sweet and nutritious food. Steam it by adding the little water and then mash it. This is also good as first food for babies.

Spinach

This can be started when the baby is six months old. Boiled spinach with a little water then 1 to 2 tablespoon is sufficient to start the spinach. You can mix it with boiled potatoes or cooked rice.

So you can try these ideas as a snack or as a  meal.

Fruit and vegetable purees:

Cereal purees may cause some allergy so that start with vegetable puree first or fruit puree because it is sweet in taste and your baby like the sweet taste more than any other taste. You can start with mashed banana which easily to digest. Use potato, sweet potato, carrot, parsnip (a root vegetable related to the carrot.), Swede (yellow turnip) stewed pear or apple, melon, mango.

Baby rice: Most babies start with specially made baby rice it has many benefits like,

  1. It only needs mixing with breast milk or formula milk or a little cooled boiled water.
  2. It can be easily thinned to a particular texture, good for digestion.
  3. No allergy possible because it is gluten free.
  4. It is enriched with iron which can be easily absorbed, it is very tasty.
  5. Babies love to eat mashed rice.

When should start solid food????

   Your baby needs to start eating solid food because:

  1. Milk alone can no longer satisfy her physical needs.
  2. Now babies requires more nutrients with more amounts.
  3. Solid food is good for her healthy physical and mental development.
  4. This is also first step towards feeding herself and joining in family meals.

When should start solids?

The recommended ideal age to start getting your baby used to solid is after six months old age, this is called as weaning. Try to satisfy him by breast feeding or bottle feeding with solids. You discuss with your Doctor or health visitors or any experts.

In order for your baby to accept, swallow and digest solid food certain physical developments need to occur,

  1. Loss of tongue – thrust reflex at birth, your baby naturally pushes anything that goes into her mouth out again with her strong tongue, but between four to six months this reflex disappears.
  2. Developments of her jaws and tongue so she can move food to the back of her mouth ready to swallow.
  3. Development of coordination and head control so she can maintain the posture needed for swallowing.
  4. Development of gastro intestinal track so she can digest different food.
  5. The ability to cope with a larger volume of food in her tummy.

Weaning signs: 

  • Baby begins to demand more frequent milk feeds, or appears restless or dissatisfied after full milk feed.
  • Baby wakes during night time frequently because of hunger even after taking milk feed.
  • Baby starts put things in mouth and makes chewing motions.
  • Baby will show interest in your food, he will try to it and not pushing down outside the mouth.
  • Now baby can sit well when supported and ready for new solid food!!

New foods to introduce: Now that weaning is well under way, you can begin to introduce simple flavour combinations to your baby, and offer more varied fruit and vegetables. By the time you have reached 4 weeks into weaning, your baby should have settled happily into accepting mini-meals from a spoon, and will probably be eating two meals a day. Adjust the amounts to suit your baby’s appetite. Although your baby is still too little to sit too little to sit in a high chair, a car baby -seat or adjustable reclining seat will serve as good interim measure. Try blending food that your baby has tried and likes with something new like,

  1. Puree raw ripe fruits, such as papaya, mango, avocado, melon.
  2. Cooked and puree fresh apricots, peaches and plums.
  3. Small quantities of well cooked red lentils, mixed with carrots or butternut squash.
  4. Cooked and puréed courgettes, broccoli and cauliflower.
  5. Their first tiny taste of whole milk, plain unsweetened yoghurt, fromage frais or ricotta cheese, but only if there is no family history of asthma or eczema.
  6. Small amounts of well cooked pureed chicken or turkey. Tiny amounts of red meat can be introduced, but this is quite strong tasting and difficult to puree until smooth, so you may prefer to wait until smooth, so you may prefer to wait until your baby is 6 months old.

Food ideas:  Introduce any new foods at the mid- morning feed- then, if your baby has a reaction or tummy upset, the symptoms will have settled down by the time you all go to bed. Try to use ripened food because they are more easily digested.

  1. Bananas: Mostly favourite to all babies, being easy to mash with a fork, cheap and readily available. Choose ripe bananas – they not only taste sweeter, because the starch in them changes to sugar on ripening, but are easier for a baby to digest, with less chance of painful wind.
  2. Melons:This is also a good choice with their mild taste. Choose honey dew (bailian melon) or musk melon which contains good amount of vitamin C. Make sure you remove all the seeds before puréeing some melons.
  3. Papaya: This fruit is available in all supermarkets. Taste is sweet and it is so pulpy that you can easily remove the pulp by using spoon. It contains black rounded seeds which are non edible. This fruit contain enzyme(substance help in digestion of the food) papain, which is similar to an enzyme found in digestive system of human and it helps to break down the food very easily, making it ideal for a baby.
  4. Mangoes: This fruit is a rich source of vitamin A and C in easily absorbed form, mostly green or yellow fruit, peel it then remove the pulp by using spoon. It’s very tasty sweet and baby will love it, easily available in all supermarkets.

Pear and parsnip puree

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 15 minutes
Total time 20 minutes
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Ingredients

  • 1 pear (peeled,cored and evenly chopped)
  • 1 parsnip (peeled and diced)
  • or 1carrot (peeled and diced)

Note

Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Directions

Step 1
Steam the parsnip for 5 minutes,then add the pear and continue to steam for a further 8 to 10 minutes until both are tender.
Step 2
Put the parsnip and pear in a blender or food processor and process until soft and smooth. Add a little water from the steamer, if necessary.

Baby’s rice

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 10 minutes
Total time 15 minutes
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot
Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion. It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Ingredients

  • 50g brown and white rice
  • breast or formula milk (to thin)

Note

 

Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion.
It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Directions

Step 1
Put the uncooked rice in a blender and blend to form a fine powder.
Step 2
Put the rice powder in a saucepan and pour over 250 ml boiling water, then cook over a low heat for 5 minutes, until the water has absorbed and the mixture has thickened.
Step 3
Take the rice off the heat and stir in the milk.