Tag Archives: food allergies

Importance of the Grains for children

There is such a wide variety of grains and legumes. Theses are very nutritive and good for digestion.

Grains can be the seeds of grasses, the most commonly known being oats, brown rice, wheat, barley and rye. Grain’s seed is made up of by three parts, the first part is the germ or heart of the seed, is high is all B vitamins, vitamin E, Iron, Protein and Carbohydrates. The second part is the covering the germ is endosperm, which is the largest part of the grain and it contains, carbohydrate and a trace amount of minerals and vitamins. A. Third part are brans, it is an outer covering and it provides fibre, B vitamins, and trace amount proteins and minerals.

There are much kind of grains bellow chart is the summary of grains name and their importance.

Grain Name Importance
Brown Rice Good in digestion. Supplies B vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
Millet Rich in iron, easy to digest, gives protein when combine with milk, good source of B vitamins.
Barley Fairly easy to digest, trace amount of minerals are found
Oats Rich in protein, iron and vitamin B. Easy to digest.
Wheat High in protein, vitamin E and Vitamin B. It is less easily digesting therefore not allowed for children less than seven months. But bulgur or cracked wheat can be allowed to six month old babies and older.
Buckwheat Rich in calcium. Good source of Vitamin C. Fairly easy to digest.
Rye Rich in potassium, Vitamin E, magnesium, silicone and unsaturated fatty acids ( food which prevents heart diseases)

Comparison of nutrients found in 100 grams of whole raw grains. 

Grain names Iron in mg Calcium in mg Vitamin B1 in mg Vitamin B2 in mg Niacin in mg Protein in mg Protein quality in percent Calories
Wheat 3.1 36 0.57 0.12 4.3 14.0 60 330 to 340
Buckwheat 3.1 114 0.60 00 4.4 11.7 65 335 to 350
Barley 2.7 34 0.21 0.07 3.7 9.6 60 348 to 358
Millet 6.8 20 0.73 0.38 2.3 9.9 55 327 to 330
Rye 3.7 38 0.43 0.22 1.6 12.1 58 334 to 340
Oats 4.5 53 0.60 0.14 1.0 14.2 66 390 to 400
Rice 1.6 32 0.34 0.05 4.5 7.5 70 360 to 380

Tip: Vitamin E is destroyed quickly by exposure to the air. If you grind any grains in the powder for baby food then grind it in very small quantity. Then keep it in an air tight container in the fridge for one month.

Recipes: 

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

Food allergies for children

In this article you will find food allergies for children. You can avoid these foods during their meal.  Some children are more likely than others to have an allergic reaction trigged by a particular food. An estimate one in ten children is prone to an allergy. Although many will grow out of it by the time they are 2 years old, others will have a  sensitivity to eggs, milk, flour or shell fish for whole life.

Current UK government guidelines suggest that infants with a strong family history of allergy should be breastfeed for at least six months or longer than that. This will provide them with antibodies to stop the allergies problem.

Trigger Foods: These foods are causes food allergies in children like, soya products, fish specially shellfish , sesame seeds, eggs, peanuts and other nuts which should not be given before 12 months.

Peanuts and other nuts: Be aware that peanuts can cause some of the most serious kinds of allergic reactions in children. Furthermore  the peanuts  are covered with salt, which is harmful for babies and children. This peanuts also have choking problem in children. Only women with history of food allergies, asthma or eczema in themselves, their partners or existing children need to avoid peanuts and peanut products during their pregnancy and when breastfeeding.

Symptoms: Anaphylactic shock, a particularly severe and frightening reaction in which the throat swells and breathing gets difficult.

Foods to avoid: Peanuts, peanut butter and unrefined peanut oil. The oil is the most difficult to detect because it is found in many ready meals and doubt about anything, do not eat it. Do not offer peanuts in any form to a children under 3 years old if there is family history of peanut allergy.  This also cause choking problem.  Some tree nuts have same problem in allergic children. So ask your GP or paediatric doctor for all details about this allergy.

Alternatives:Home-made meals, cakes and biscuits.

So you should be sure about ingredients.

If you have no family history of nut allergy, then finally ground almonds or hazelnuts may be mixed into baby foods from age of 9 to 12 months. Finely ground peanuts may be offered from 12 months.

Gluten allergy: Mostly gluten is found in wheat. Gluten is a protein that found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats.

Symptoms: Sensitivity to gluten cause colic disease like wind in stomach or stomach pain. Weight loss.

In a small number of babies, when the intestine comes into contact with gluten an allergic reaction occurs in its lining. The lining becomes smooth, preventing nutrients from being properly absorbed, and this is associated with a permeant intolerance to gluten.

Foods that can be avoid: contain gluten, such as bread, pasta, rusks etc should never be given to babies under six months. Nowadays supermarkets have gluten free bread, pasta and biscuits.

Alternatives: Rice cakes instead of bread, rice or corn noodles. Instead of wheat pasta, rice or corn (maize) cereals for breakfast, and buckwheat, millet or sorghum flour. Gluten free bread is available in all supermarkets. If your family have history about gluten allergies then Doctor will suggest to eat more oats, rye and barley from 9 months and wheat from 12 months under close supervision.

Eggs allergy: Symptoms: Rashes or eczema, skin swellings and tummy upsets.

Foods to avoid: Eggs ( egg white) cakes, some breads and pastries.

Alternative for eggs is not available.

Tomatoes: Symptoms: Rashes or eczema, and more possibilities towards hyperactivity. Because it contains salicylic acids which irritates the stomach.

Foods to avoid: Tomatoes, tomato ketchup, passata (is an uncooked tomato puree that has been strained of seeds and skins.) canned tomatoes.

Alternatives: Chopped carrots, red peppers, ground mild paprika will add color to dishes. If you have a family  history of this allergy, do not introduce tomatoes until your child has reached at least 9 months.

Citrus fruit and strawberries allergy: Symptoms: Rashes or eczema.

Foods to avoid: Fresh oranges, satsuma, orange lollies, fruit yoghurts, squash.

Alternatives: Banana, pears, plums, apricots, dried fruits, apple juice to drink.

Some children are allergic to strawberries, so watch closely the first few times that you give them to your child.

Shellfish and fish allergies: This allergies tend to be highest where fish is eaten frequently. Fish allergies mainly affect to children while shellfish allergy affect n adults. After egg, milk and now seafood is the third leading allergy.