There is such a wide variety of grains and legumes. Theses are very nutritive and good for digestion.
Grains can be the seeds of grasses, the most commonly known being oats, brown rice, wheat, barley and rye. Grain’s seed is made up of by three parts, the first part is the germ or heart of the seed, is high is all B vitamins, vitamin E, Iron, Protein and Carbohydrates. The second part is the covering the germ is endosperm, which is the largest part of the grain and it contains, carbohydrate and a trace amount of minerals and vitamins. A. Third part are brans, it is an outer covering and it provides fibre, B vitamins, and trace amount proteins and minerals.
There are much kind of grains bellow chart is the summary of grains name and their importance.
|Brown Rice||Good in digestion. Supplies B vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and iron.|
|Millet||Rich in iron, easy to digest, gives protein when combine with milk, good source of B vitamins.|
|Barley||Fairly easy to digest, trace amount of minerals are found|
|Oats||Rich in protein, iron and vitamin B. Easy to digest.|
|Wheat||High in protein, vitamin E and Vitamin B. It is less easily digesting therefore not allowed for children less than seven months. But bulgur or cracked wheat can be allowed to six month old babies and older.|
|Buckwheat||Rich in calcium. Good source of Vitamin C. Fairly easy to digest.|
|Rye||Rich in potassium, Vitamin E, magnesium, silicone and unsaturated fatty acids ( food which prevents heart diseases)|
Comparison of nutrients found in 100 grams of whole raw grains.
|Grain names||Iron in mg||Calcium in mg||Vitamin B1 in mg||Vitamin B2 in mg||Niacin in mg||Protein in mg||Protein quality in percent||Calories|
|Wheat||3.1||36||0.57||0.12||4.3||14.0||60||330 to 340|
|Buckwheat||3.1||114||0.60||00||4.4||11.7||65||335 to 350|
|Barley||2.7||34||0.21||0.07||3.7||9.6||60||348 to 358|
|Millet||6.8||20||0.73||0.38||2.3||9.9||55||327 to 330|
|Rye||3.7||38||0.43||0.22||1.6||12.1||58||334 to 340|
|Oats||4.5||53||0.60||0.14||1.0||14.2||66||390 to 400|
|Rice||1.6||32||0.34||0.05||4.5||7.5||70||360 to 380|
Tip: Vitamin E is destroyed quickly by exposure to the air. If you grind any grains in the powder for baby food then grind it in very small quantity. Then keep it in an air tight container in the fridge for one month.