Tag Archives: constipation

Dieatary disorders in Childrens

During the childhood most common disorders are, Constipation,diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abnormal bowel movements and dysentery . In this article you can see all types of dietary disorders in children.

Constipation: It occurs when there is pain and difficulty in passing faeces or stools and they emerge hard and dry with infrequent bowel movements. Occasionally, bright red blood may be passed with hard stools. This blood comes from a slight tear in the skin around the anus, this happens because constipated child struggles to pass an abnormally dry and hard stool. Constipation may be for short time or long time.

Causes: Short time constipation may be cause due to,

  • Dehydration.
  • Insufficient fibre in the child’s diet.
  • Changes made to a child’s diet like change from breast or formula milk to cow’s milk.

Long time or chronic constipation,

  • Children who are toilet training may become constipated, they may then start withhold their faeces and refuse to go to the toilet this will leads to constipation problem.
  • The pain resulting from a break or tear around the anus which may be leads to bleeding sometime. due to this condition child get fear for going to the toilet.
  • Lack of fibrous food and liquid from the diet.
  • Food intolerance.
  • Loss of appetite.

Care and Remedies:

  • Change the diet into fibrous food like whole grain bread, cereals, fruit and vegetables.
  • Give plenty of water or juices to your child.
  • Teach them some exercises to stimulate bowels.
  • If child is more than  years old, avoid giving more than 500ml milk because it may increases constipation.
  • For older children give prunes or prune juice, beans, carrots, spinach, raisins and green vegetable soups.
  • If the child is toilet trained, then encourage him or her to seat on toilet on every morning after breakfast for 10 minutes, this will built an healthy habit of good bowel movement. Morning is the best time because of gastro-colic reflux which gives easy passing of stool. 
  • Doctor or GP may suggest you stool softener or laxative for chronic constipation. But do not take this medicine on your own.
  • Do not give enemas or suppositories.

More information: This is fairly common in babies who starts solid food or in weaning. Constipation problem may be more in summer because child in not drinking liquid in more amount and so dehydrated. Here are some recipes which will help you to reduce the constipation problem. Good Luck!!

You can try these recipes like

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.
     

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

Ideas for Sandwiches

Allergy Egg, Fish
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Breakfast, Lunch, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot

Note

For this recipe savoury fillings are, cheese, sardines in oil or brine, tuna in oil or brine, carrot,cucumber, lettuce, tomatoes, bean sprouts, cold meat.

Sweet Fillings: Jam, honey, black treacle, maple syrup, banana, fresh fruit slices.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Spread the butter on both bread and use the different fillings which are given above.

 

 

 

 

Excretion (stool passing) in children

Your child’s faces contain the indigestible parts of the food that your child eats, such as fibre, as well as the waste products of normal bodily processes and any toxic substance that the body wishes to remove. Bile pigments (Bile is a digestive fluid that is made and released change nappyby the liver and stored in the gallbladder) lend the stool its colour, nitrogen compounds which are produced by the action of bacteria give its characteristic odour. From the bowel, faecal matter is passed to the rectum, where it is stored. Once the rectum is full, pressure from within produces the urge to open the bowels. The stool passes out through out your child’s anus which, like the bladder, is kept closed by a ring of muscle, is called the anal sphincter. It is the action of relaxing and contracting the sphincter, and of pushing by exerting pressure within the abdomen, that forces the stool out of the body. As with the bladder, this happens automatically until your bladder has developed sufficiently to gain voluntary control of these muscles.

How much and how often stool should be passed by the child?

There is no such thing as a normal number of stools or a correct number of times your child should pass them. What is the normal number for one child may be completely different for another? Some newborn babies have bowel movements each time they feed because the action of sucking and swallowing sets off the reflex that opens the anal sphincter. Others, usually those who are being breastfed – fed, may be well and content going for several days without passing a stool. The reason for this is thought to be that your breast milk is perfectly matched to your baby’s need that there is hardly any waste material to pass out as stools. If our baby is fed formula milk baby is likely to pass stools fairly regularly, usually around once or twice a day. However, as with breast – fed babies, more or less than this is also perfectly normal, as long as the stools, when they do come, are soft and easy to pass.

For toddlers: A toddler, eating a normal diet, may pass stools once or twice a day, others may need to go every day. This is normal as per the stool becomes hard to pass. Some children have a natural tenancy towards constipation and can be affected, not only diet or lack of fluid but also upsets or changes in routine. Consult your Doctor or GP, if they will prescribe you some laxatives or suppositories then you can give it otherwise do not give.

Color and consistency: Your baby’s first stools will be a blackish- green color as the meconium (it is the earliest stools of a mammalian infant form, it, is composed of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus)  from the amniotic fluid work is  its way out of baby’s system. Once feeding is established, her stools will become loose and yellow if she is breast fed and brown colour and firm stool If she is having formula milk. Changing form one formula to another type may lead to runny stools for few days until your baby is used to new feed. If these runny stools last for more than four days you should ask your Doctor or GP. Breast fed babies are unlikely to have diarrhoea, but if it occurs with vomiting or fever or blood in the stools, you should consult your Doctor immediately.

During Weaning: Once you start weaning your baby, you may notice that the colour and consistency of her stools change again. Introducing new solid foods with particular colour like beet root, blackcurrant into the diet can produced dark black or brown or red colour of stool but it is quite normal.

Tip: If your baby is breast fed and you are taking iron tablets or liquid daily it may also change the stool colour, especially dark black colour. It is normal.

Constipation: This is when a child has dry, hard stools that are difficult to pass. Infrequent bowel movements are not necessary a sign of constipation, some breast fed babies go several days between stools, but as long as the stools are soft and easy to pass this is nothing to worry about it. It is not a disease but it is the problem related to your child’s digestion system, that means it is difficult and painful to your child to pass the stool. There may be a little water in the stools, making them dry and difficult to pass – dehydration is a very common cause of constipation. While bottle fed babies also suffer from the same problem if the mixture of feed is at improper concentration. Other factors like upset stomach or physically hold their stools. In weaning babies due to start new solid foods cause constipation.

Treatment: babies may be helped by increasing their fluid intake. Older children can benefit from extra fibre in their diet so include plenty of fruit, vegetables and cereals. If you suspect a particular food is responsible for your child constipation, try eliminating it from his diet for a few days and then offer it again to check constipation. Try to give more fibrous food because fibre holds water, making the stools softer, and adds bulk, making them easier to pass.

If constipation becomes the long problem then consult your Doctor or GP. They may suggest you laxative which will soften the stool and easy to pass.

Fibrous food: List includes fibre amount in gm per 100 gm product.

Source in 100 gm Fiber in gm
Wholemeal flour 10
Wholemeal bread 6
White bread 2
Brown rice 2
White rice 1
Cornflakes 2
Apples 4
Bananas 2
Avocados 6
Carrots 4
Spinach 3
Cabbage 3
Sweet corn 2
Potatoes 2
Lima beans 7
Baked beans (canned) 6
Peas 7
Apricots 8
Prunes 7
Dates 8
Resins 4
Almonds 10
Peach 3

Spastic Constipation: This type of constipation is caused by the large intestine going into spasm and holding onto small pieces of the faces until they become dried into little balls. The stools eventually appear as a collection of small, hard balls that are difficult to pass. Mostly this is caused by formula milk fed children or in new weaning period diet. Because the quantity of formula may change and in weaning new food introduce, in both condition digestion is difficult.

Anal fissure: Constipation makes the stools hard, and passing them may cause a small tear, known as an anal fissure, in this delicate mucous membrane of your child’s anus. This makes it painful for your child to pass a stool and can lead to a small amount of bleeding from her anus. Although on first sight this is worrying, the bleeding is not usually serious – it is just like any bleeding from a small cut. There is a risk that a child with an anal fissure may try to avoid passing stools because of the pain, which can compound the problem by making the stools harder and even more difficult to pass.

Treatment: Drinking plenty of water or fluids will keep stools soft and easy to pass. As the area is always moist, healing can take time.