Tag Archives: baby care

ADHD in Children

ADHD means Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. If you are the parent of ADHD suffering child, in this article you will find all the details about ADHD.

What is ADHD?

ADHD includes behavioural problems like,  impulsiveness, attentiveness, restlessness and hyperactivity and additional problems like learning difficulties or sleeping disorder or lack of concentration or mood swinging or clumsiness or immature language. But ADHD will not affect the intelligent of the children. Mostly children with ADHD are more intelligent, creative and enthusiastic in there routine. These children got behavioural trouble in social and school place. These children struggle for learning new things so they themselves feel stupid or failure in studies. These children behaviour feel irritating to other children so they can not make friends regularly. Because of this they feel lonely, unsafe and unloved, due this child become aggressive. “Sometimes they do “self harm or accidents to themselves.

Symptoms:

Mostly it starts to appear at toddler age to before seven years age.

  1. Inattentiveness.
  2. Hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
  3. Combined both 1 and 2.
  • Children with the inattentive type of symptoms are called ADD. In this condition children can not stay focused on any task or activity. They are likely to be dreamy or imaginative and disorganized. Children also have lack of concentration to get the things they need to do. Mostly they are girl child but as this condition does not attend by the parents therefore undiagnosed.
  • Hyperactivity and impassivity mostly go together. These children become clam as they grown older. Generally they act without thinking like running across the road or near the tree without looking the dangers or climbing on the top of the tree and now do not known how to get down?! They unknowingly go into certain dangerous situations.
  • The most common sub type in children who suffer both type of ADHD. This mostly related to not paying the attention this tends to tantrum, grumpy and uncontrolled impulses. This gives lots of problems to children at home, with friends and in school.
  • This disorder is also known as Hyper-kinetic disorder. This is next condition after No.3 symptoms. It involves children who are very hyperactive, and impairs across all areas of life. They need treatment and medications for this disorder. Nowadays expert use ADHD word for all the symptoms.
  • If, your child showing these symptoms at least for 6 months at home and the school as well. The child should start these symptoms before the age of seven and because of these symptoms make his life much more difficult on a social, academic or occupational level.
  • TIP: If your child’s teacher mentioned any concerns about your child then you must visit to GP or paediatrician or psychiatrist.

Inattentiveness symptoms of ADHD: 

  1. Has a very short attention span.
  2. Is very easily distracted.
  3. Seems forgetful and often loses things, and is disorganised about tasks and activities.
  4. Is unable to stick at tasks that are tedious or time consuming.
  5. Is unable to listen to or carry out instruction.
  6. Is unable to concentrate.
  7. Falls to pay close attention to detail or makes careless errors during work or play.
  8. Fails to follow through instructions  of finish homework or chores.
  9. Avoids tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as homework.

Hyperactivity symptoms:

  1. Is unable to sit still, especially in calm or quite surroundings
  2. Is consistently fidgeting
  3. Is unable to settle to tasks.
  4. Talks excessively.
  • Impassivity symptoms:
  1. Is unable to wait for his/ her turn.
  2. Blurts out answers before the questions are finished.
  3. Acts without thinking
  4. Interrupts conversations
  5. Breaks any set rules.
  6. Has little or no sense of danger.
  • Prematurity and genetic risk:

Children  born prematurely are more likely than others to have developmental difficulties of various things. Specially if mother is in stress then ADHD problem to infant  can be inherited.

Diagnosis: Generally six years age is ideal for medications of ADHD, but this does not mean diagnosis has to wait until then. The optimal age for diagnosis is simply as early as possible. First you need to talk to General Practitioner then they will check the symptoms. If the symptoms need medications or other extra suggestions then GP will suggest the paediatrician.

Paediatrician will check thoroughly to the kid and will suggest certain sittings and medications if needed.

 

 

Toilet Training or potty training.

Using the potty or toilet is a social and physical skill that your child needs to learn, although there is no magic age when all children become trained. On average, most children are dry during the daytime between age 2 and 3.

Bladder control:

  • Your child goes for long periods without a wet nappy. This indicates that the bladder has grown and has a larger storage capacity.
  • Your child is aware of passing urine and indicates to you that he is wet or dirty, is wetting himself or is about to wet himself.
  • He is able to tell you in time to fetch the potty or to be put on the toilet seat or on the potty.
  • He is able to use the potty or go to the toilet by himself.
  • After some days he becomes dry during the daytime.
  • After more days he becomes wet during night time also.
  • Until your child is ready, trying to teach him potty training may result in frustration but try to do this hard work.

Dos and don’ts of potty training:

  1. Do teach your child to wash and dry his hands thoroughly after using the potty or toilet.
  2. Do wash and disinfectant the potty every time your child uses it.
  3. Do keep a plastic sheet under the potty if your toddler is prone to splashing.
  4. Don’t let your child wipe his own bottom at first and he won’t be able to do effectively.

You can try healthy recipes during the potty training.

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.

 

 

 

 

Postnatal depression to mother

One in the 10 new mothers is affected by Postnatal Depression (PND) or baby blues. This happens because of changes in hormonal concentrations which generally affects after delivery.

This depression can remain for certain day or months and sometimes a year also. It can make you feel low, unsure of yourself, exhausted, vulnerable, extra sensitive, unable to make decisions, disturbed. This depression can not recognise immediately in yourself. But you can overcome on that by discussing with your partner or Doctor or midwife or counsellor. Do not shy or hesitate to share your problems. Talking with other mums, especially who have experienced this depression can also help for your recovery.

Factors that increase the risk are:

  • Previous history of depression.
  • Unsporting partner.
  • Premature baby.
  • Recent stress like accident or death in the family.

How common is it?

Around 1 in every 10 women has PND after having a baby. Without treatment, it can last for months, or rarely years.

What are the symptoms of PND?

  • Depressed

You feel low, unhappy and wretched for much or all of the time. You may feel worse at particular times of the day, like mornings or evenings. Occasional good days give you hope but they are followed by bad days which make you despair.

  • Irritable

You may get irritable with other children, occasionally, with your baby, but most often with your partner. He or she may well not understand what is happening.

  • Tired

All new mothers get pretty weary, but depression can make you feel so utterly exhausted that you feel physically ill.

Even though you are tired, you can’t fall asleep. You wake at the crack of dawn, even if your partner has fed the baby overnight.

  • Not hungry

You lose your appetite and forget to eat, which can make you feel irritable and run down. Some people eat for comfort and then feel bad about putting on weight.

  • Unable to enjoy anything

You find that you can’t enjoy or be interested in anything.

  • Sex

Your partner may want the comfort and intimacy of sex again – but you’re just not interested. Of course, there are other reasons to lose interest in sex after having a baby – it may be painful, you may be too tired, or you may be just trying to adjust to the new situation – but PND will take away any desire or enthusiasm. If your partner does not understand this, they may feel rejected.

  • Unable to cope

PND can make you feel that you have no time, can’t do anything well and that you can’t do anything about it. You may find it hard to organise a routine with your baby.

  • Guilty

Depression changes your thinking and makes you see things negatively. You may feel guilty, useless or that you are responsible for feeling like this.

  • Anxious

You may worry so much that your baby might scream, or choke, or be harmed in some way that you are afraid to be alone with him or her. Instead of feeling close to your baby, you may feel detached. You can’t work out what your baby is feeling, or what your baby needs.

Even if you have strong loving feelings for your baby, you can still feel anxious. Most new mothers worry about their baby’s health, but PND can make this overwhelming. You may worry:

  • That you might lose your baby through an infection, mishandling, faulty development or a ‘cot death’
  • About ‘snuffles’, or how much weight your baby is putting on
  • If your baby is crying or is too quiet, or if they have stopped breathing
  • That you might harm your baby
  • About your own health

You may find that you need reassurance all the time from your partner, the health visitor, the GP, your family or a neighbour. You may feel panicky – your pulse races, your heart thumps and you may feel that you have heart disease or are on the brink of a stroke. You may wonder if you have some dreadful illness, or if you will ever have any energy again. The fear of being left alone with all this can cause even the most capable person to cling desperately to their partner, not wanting to be left alone.

Go for regular exercises and yoga which give you relief from this depression. Discussion with your partner or people whom you are close.

Common Questions and Answers based on PND:

Doesn’t everybody get depressed after having a baby?

No. About half of new mothers will feel a bit weepy, flat and unsure of themselves on the third or fourth day after having a baby. This is known as the ‘baby blues’, and it passes after a few days.

When does PND happen?

Most cases of PND start within a month of giving birth, but it can start up to six months later.

What causes PND?

We don’t know enough to be sure who will or won’t get it. There is probably no single reason, but a number of different stresses may add up to cause it. You are more likely to have PND if you:

  • have had depression (especially PND) before
  • do not have a supportive partner
  • have a premature or sick baby
  • lost your own mother when you were a child
  • have had several recent life stresses – bereavement, unemployment, housing or money problems

Even so, PND can start for no obvious reason, without any of these stresses. And having these problems does not mean that you will definitely have PND.

What about hormones?

Levels of oestrogen, progesterone (and other hormones to do with conception and birth) drop suddenly after the baby is born. It’s not clear exactly how they affect your mood and emotions. No real differences have been found between women who do and do not get PND, and research does not suggest that this is a major reason for depression. Hormone changes may be more important in the baby blues and puerperal psychosis.

 

After the baby has arrived:

  • DO tell someone about how you feel. Many other women have gone through the same experience. If you don’t feel you can talk to your family or friends, talk to your health visitor or GP. They will know that these feelings are common and will be able to help.
  • DO take every opportunity to get your head down. See if you can cat-nap. Your partner can give the baby a bottle-feed at night. If you like, you can use your own expressed breast milk for this.
  • DO eat well. Healthy foods like salads, fresh vegetables, fruit, fruit juices, milk and cereals are all nice, packed with vitamins and don’t need much cooking.
  • DO find time to have fun with your partner. Try to find a babysitter and get out together for a meal, a show or to see friends.
  • DO let yourself and your partner be intimate if you can: at least kiss and cuddle, stroke and fondle. This will comfort you both and lead to the return of full sexual feelings sooner. Don’t feel guilty if this takes some time.
  • DON’T blame you or your partner: life is tough at this time, and tiredness and irritability on both sides can lead to quarrels. ‘Having a go’ at each other will weaken your relationship when it needs to be at its strongest.
  • Don’t be frightened by the diagnosis. You know what is wrong, that many others have had the same experience and that you will get better in time. Your partner, friends or family can be more helpful and understanding if they know what the problem is.

During PND try these healthy recipes which will help you to go back to the normal routine as soon as possible.

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.

Breakfast oats

Serves 4 adults
Prep time 10 minutes
Allergy Milk, Peanuts, Wheat
Dietary Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Cold
From book Taster recipies

Ingredients

  • 150g High fibre porridge oats
  • 25g dried cranberries
  • 50g dried apricots (chopped)
  • 25g sultanas
  • 300ml apple juice (unsweetened)
  • 8 tablespoons low fat natural yoghurt
  • 100g bluberries (fresh or frozen)
  • 100g rasberries (fresh or frozen)

Note

Healthy recipe for all. It contains 294kcal/ portion.

Directions

Step 1
Mix the oats, cranberries, apricots and sultanas in a large bowl.
Step 2
Stir in apple juice. Cover and pop in the fridge for overnight.
Step 3
In the morning, share the mixture between 4 bowls. Spoon 2 tablespoon of yoghurt on each serving and add blueberries and raspberries in each bowl.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

 

But you can overcome from this problem definitely!!! All the best to you.