Health problems in babies under one year

There are several health issues are found in babies under one year. I this article you will find all the information related to all problems.

Coeliac disease 

Cow’s milk protein intolerance: It is not an allergy. It is the inability to digest protein from cow’s milk. Cause are not known, but the problem usually appears between one week and several months after a baby starts cow’s milk.

Symptoms: Vomiting or diarrhoea which occurs soon after introducing the cow’s milk in the diet.

General care: After 2 weeks a trial amount of cow’s milk is offered under medical supervision if the symptoms recur, the diagnosis is confirmed. The cow’s milk trial will be repeated every three months, until the baby no longer has an adverse reaction to the protein, Change the amount of milk gradually. Generally, by the age of 3, the intolerance to cow’s  milk problem disappear. But if this will not happen, then take proper advice from Doctor.

Lactose intolerance

This is the intolerance for babies about the sugar which is found in the milk. It is not an allergy.

Cause: It is caused by an inability to break down the lactose in the small intestine, because of deficiency of the necessary enzyme. It can also develop as a complication of the coeliac disease. Some got permeant lactose intolerance which can be genetic in origin and is commonly found on people of Africa and Asia.

Symptoms:

General care:

  • See the Doctor, He or she will examine the baby properly and will give you the right advice.
  • If lactose intolerance is not diagnosed on correct time, baby’s growth and development will not take place properly.
  • The most common foods that are high in lactose include dairy products such as milk, ice cream, and cheese. Lactose is also added to some foods, such as bread and baked goods, cereals, salad dressings, candies, and snacks. Avoid these food products in lactose intolerance.

Milk spots or Milia: These are frequently found in newborn infants. These look like pearly white spots on cheeks, nose and chin. These are not itchy and not harmful to the baby.

Cause: Milk spots are caused when the sebaceous gland (in the skin that secretes an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of humans.) in the newborn baby’s skin is blocked. But this blockage is due to the immature development of gland.

General care: Not needed. It will disappear after few weeks. But if it does not disappear then consult to the Doctor.

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Croup
Croup is inflammation and narrowing of the main airway to the lungs. It mainly affects babies and children between 6 months to 3 years of age. Usually, it caused by a virus, but occasionally it is an allergy.

Symptoms: Mostly it occurs in the early morning and lasts for few hours.
1. Usually, starts with common cold signs like a runny nose, and sneezing.
2. Noisy, rasping breathing and difficulty to take breathing.
3. Persistent coughing.
4. Restless and lots of salivating.
5. Irritability.
6. The blueness of the lips or face.

General care:
• Create a warm and humid atmosphere for that, take a child into the bathroom and run the hot taps to create steam or spray the hot shower against the sides of the bath, making sure that babily is safe from hot water. Another option is to boil water in kettle continuously. When the attack has subsided, put the child back in bed and try to create a moist atmosphere in the bedroom.
• If the symptoms persistent and the child show signs of cyanosis or difficulty in breathing call the Doctor.
• Give paracetamol and lots of warm drinks.
• Cuddle and reassure the child, who is usually very frightened.
• Children with asthma are prone to the attack of croup and may require special asthma preventer drugs at the first signs of a croup attack.

Gastroenteritis: Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestine, causing diarrhoea and/or vomiting.

 Causes:

  • The usual cause is a virus which may be transmitted through the air.
  • Or may be by contact with infected faeces. Bacteria in food or drinks can also cause gastro entities.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced to feed
  • Abdominal pain ( baby may draw the knees up)
  • Fever
  • Unwell and lethargic
  • Vomiting and/or diarrhoea can lead to dehydration problem also.

General care:

  • If the baby if under 3 months old, called the doctor immediately or ask the GP as soon as possible.
  • Prevent dehydration of the baby by giving liquid or drink like water or make a sugar solution. For this, you need 2 teaspoon sugar in 200ml boiled water, cool it. Then give it 1 to 2 teaspoons in short intervals. If the baby is taking only breastfeed then give this sugar drink after breastfeed.
  • If still there is no improvement in 24 hours call to Doctor or GP.

When all the symptoms subside and the problem is diagnosed. Then slowly start a regular diet for the baby with maintained a good hygiene environment. Long term dehydration to the baby is fatal so try to rehydrate the baby after vomiting and/ or diarrhoea.

Thrush

Thrush is the infection that commonly develops in the mouth of babies and young children. It sometimes appears surrounding the anus, buttocks and thighs.

Causes

It is caused by a yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans. It lives naturally on the skin and in the vagina, mouth and bowel. The natural balance can be disturbed when illness or a course of antibiotics which is already taken. Due to this immune system is failed to fight with Candida bacteria. This leads to increase in a number of Candida bacteria more than normal, and then it causes inflammation in the skin.

Symptoms

  • Spots inside the baby’s cheeks that look like the remains of milk which, when wiped gently with a tissue, revealed a sore path beneath.
  • A bright red nappy rash that isn’t helped by normal creams.
  • The baby may refuse the feeds.

General care

  • Consult with the Doctor or GP, who will prescribe antifungal medicine for baby. Also, give the medicine to mummy if she breastfeeds her child.
  • If the baby finds it painful to feed on the bottle or finds it hard so suck from the breast, try feeding by spoon.
  • Wash your hand after the nappy change and before a feed.
  • If none of the antifungal treatment works, consult with the Doctor or GP again, because secondary bacterial infection may have set in on top of the thrush.
  • An alternative treatment for oral thrush is the homoeopathic medicine. The concern with the Homoeopathic expert.

You can try these recipes during baby’s health problems.

Baby’s rice

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 10 minutes
Total time 15 minutes
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot
Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion. It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Ingredients

  • 50g brown and white rice
  • breast or formula milk (to thin)

Note

 

Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion.
It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Directions

Step 1
Put the uncooked rice in a blender and blend to form a fine powder.
Step 2
Put the rice powder in a saucepan and pour over 250 ml boiling water, then cook over a low heat for 5 minutes, until the water has absorbed and the mixture has thickened.
Step 3
Take the rice off the heat and stir in the milk.

Pear and parsnip puree

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 15 minutes
Total time 20 minutes
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Ingredients

  • 1 pear (peeled,cored and evenly chopped)
  • 1 parsnip (peeled and diced)
  • or 1carrot (peeled and diced)

Note

Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Directions

Step 1
Steam the parsnip for 5 minutes,then add the pear and continue to steam for a further 8 to 10 minutes until both are tender.
Step 2
Put the parsnip and pear in a blender or food processor and process until soft and smooth. Add a little water from the steamer, if necessary.

Importance of Legumes to Children

In this article, you will find all importance about legumes.

Properties and Importance of Legumes:

• Legumes are the type of seeds but are found within pods of plants.
• They include beans, peas, and lentils.
• When legumes combine with grains, it will give very rich protein mixture.
• A legume also contains iron and B vitamin-like thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin.
• Most legumes like beans are fairly hard to digest than grains, so in weaning start legumes to children after 8 months of age. Split pea soup will be the best choice to start the beans initially.
• For babies cook legumes for a long time, this will lead to easy digestion and less gas release.
• Ideally, if you want to feed legumes to the babies, you need to soak the legume overnight. Then cook in a slow cooker or pressure cooker for a long time until them soft enough.
• Then blend it in the grinder or the mixer grinder, sieve the mixture to remove the remaining husk, which is very hard to digest.
• It is easier to powdered dry legumes like soybean, chickpeas and more and keeps in the airtight container.
• Whenever you need it took a spoon full of soup or shake or another healthy recipe, very quick and easy to use. You can keep this mixture for one month.
• Soybean is hard to digest but processed soybean like tofu is easy to digest and rich in, iron, calcium, protein, B vitamins, minerals and vitamin E.
• The soy yogurt or soy milk can be introduced to children in seven months age.
• Legumes can be spouted which leads to easy digestion and contain good amount protein, vitamin C, and iron.
• For sprouting, you need overnight soaking of any legumes like whole moong beans, soy beans, kidney beans or chickpeas. Next morning rinse the water, take muslin cloth (cotton cloth) put the beans in that, light it and keep it in any cool place. Sprinkle the water when the cloth becomes dry. Keep these legumes for 24 hours to 48 hours. Open it after several hours, you will find sprouts are on the legumes. Wash it thoroughly and consume within 48 hours for best taste.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.
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Red lentil and coconut soup

Serves 4 adults
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 40 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Lunch, Soup
Misc Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 2 red onions (finely chopped)
  • 1 green chilli (finely chopped)
  • 200g Red lentils (washed)
  • 2 clove garlic (chopped)
  • 1 tablespoon chopped coriander
  • 1 tablespoon paprika powder
  • 400ml coconut milk
  • 900ml water or vegetable stock
  • 3-4 spring onions (finely chopped)
  • salt and black pepper (to taste)

Note

www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Boil the lentils in water or vegetable stock for 20 - 25 minutes, till it becomes soft. During this boiling cover the container by the lid or you can try pressure cooker, boil it for 15 minutes to cook the lentils.
Step 2
Heat the oil in a large pan and add the red onions, chilli, garlic, cook for 5 - 6 minutes, do not browned it.
Step 3
Now add cooked lentil with stock, add coconut milk, salt, black pepper, spring onions cook it for 5 to10 minutes, till the mixture boils well. Add coriander and serve hot with bread or chapatis.
This soup is very healthy, specially those for sick person.
Step 4
Per serving, 263kcal / 1109kJ.

Importance of the Grains for children

There is such a wide variety of grains and legumes. Theses are very nutritive and good for digestion.

Grains can be the seeds of grasses, the most commonly known being oats, brown rice, wheat, barley and rye. Grain’s seed is made up of by three parts, the first part is the germ or heart of the seed, is high is all B vitamins, vitamin E, Iron, Protein and Carbohydrates. The second part is the covering the germ is endosperm, which is the largest part of the grain and it contains, carbohydrate and a trace amount of minerals and vitamins. A. Third part are brans, it is an outer covering and it provides fibre, B vitamins, and trace amount proteins and minerals.

There are much kind of grains bellow chart is the summary of grains name and their importance.

Grain Name Importance
Brown Rice Good in digestion. Supplies B vitamins, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
Millet Rich in iron, easy to digest, gives protein when combine with milk, good source of B vitamins.
Barley Fairly easy to digest, trace amount of minerals are found
Oats Rich in protein, iron and vitamin B. Easy to digest.
Wheat High in protein, vitamin E and Vitamin B. It is less easily digesting therefore not allowed for children less than seven months. But bulgur or cracked wheat can be allowed to six month old babies and older.
Buckwheat Rich in calcium. Good source of Vitamin C. Fairly easy to digest.
Rye Rich in potassium, Vitamin E, magnesium, silicone and unsaturated fatty acids ( food which prevents heart diseases)

Comparison of nutrients found in 100 grams of whole raw grains. 

Grain names Iron in mg Calcium in mg Vitamin B1 in mg Vitamin B2 in mg Niacin in mg Protein in mg Protein quality in percent Calories
Wheat 3.1 36 0.57 0.12 4.3 14.0 60 330 to 340
Buckwheat 3.1 114 0.60 00 4.4 11.7 65 335 to 350
Barley 2.7 34 0.21 0.07 3.7 9.6 60 348 to 358
Millet 6.8 20 0.73 0.38 2.3 9.9 55 327 to 330
Rye 3.7 38 0.43 0.22 1.6 12.1 58 334 to 340
Oats 4.5 53 0.60 0.14 1.0 14.2 66 390 to 400
Rice 1.6 32 0.34 0.05 4.5 7.5 70 360 to 380

Tip: Vitamin E is destroyed quickly by exposure to the air. If you grind any grains in the powder for baby food then grind it in very small quantity. Then keep it in an air tight container in the fridge for one month.

Recipes: 

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.