Category Archives: weight loss after pregnancy

Protein Requirement in Vegeterian Babies

Generally, you will be concerned about a number of various foods that your baby eats. If you have only healthy food around the house, there is no fear that the child will over eating or get too much of one nutrient. It is only when high sugar and empty calorie junk foods are available that babies unbalance food.

The Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) is based on age groups from birth to six months, from six months to a year, and from one year to three years. For children under one year of age, the RDA based on an analysis of breast milk or mother with healthy children. Sometimes, the absorption of this nutrition is less efficient in formulas than in breast milk, therefore, the allowance given is for formula fed babies.

 Here is the more information about the amount of protein and amino acids requires for the babies.

PROTEIN:  It is the essential building block of all body tissue including cell walls, muscles, blood, hair, and internal organs such as heart and brain. It is needed for the formation f hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Since babies are growing, they need protein per unit of body weight than do adults; it is for developing the new body.
 According to t The National Academy of Science explains,

“During the first year f life, the protein content of the body increase from 11 to 14.6% and body weight increase by approximately 7kilogram. The average increase in body protein is about 3.5 grammes. a day during the first four months and 3.1 grammes per day during the next eight months. By four years of age, body protein content reaches the adult value of 18 to 19%.” 

Protein is made up of amino acids, these are 22 in which 14 amino acids are prepared or synthesised in the body called non-essential. (Though non-essential name these are essential actually) While eight amino acids are not synthesised in the body but can be taken from the body are called essential amino acids.  For a baby, there are nine essential amino acids because histidine is produced only by an adult body and must be supplied in infant’s diet.

Essential amino acids:

  1.  Histidine
  2. Threonine
  3. Leucine
  4. Isoleucine
  5. Lysine
  6. Tryptophan
  7. Valine
  8. Methionine ( sulphur – containing amino acids)
  9. Phenylalanine ( Aromatic amino acids)

If these amino acids are supplied in the proper proportions, the RDA for protein intake for young babies as follows,

Age                                                     Grammes of Protein

 0-6 months                                           pounds of body weight times 1

 6-12 months                                         pounds of body weight times 0.9

 1-3 years                                               23 grammes

According to RDA the first six months of babies analysis for lactation from their mother is determined. Sufficient amount protein and amino acids are found in breast milk than for other diets.

Vegan mummies who are taking few dairy products will get fewer amino acids like tryptophan, methionine and protein are not in sufficient amount. But these amino acids and protein can be found in the certain nut, legumes grains and seeds. If you combine these things with your regular diet you will get sufficient amount of protein and amino acids. Here are useful combinations for you,

1. Grains with legumes or nuts.

  2. grains with milk products.

3. seeds with legumes or nuts.

Recipes: 

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.
      

Lentil tortilla

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 40 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish, Salad, Side Dish, Snack, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 75g brown or green lentils (half cup)
  • 225g broccoli florets
  • 2 red onion (roundly chopped)
  • 175g cherry tomatoes (halved)
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 tablespoons milk or water
  • 3-4 tablespoons mixed herbs like parsely
  • 8 free range eggs
  • salt and black pepper (to taste)

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

 

Directions

Step 1
Place the lentils in a pan, cover with cold water and bring to the boil, reduce the heat and simmer for 20-25 minutes.
Step 2
Stir it and check it, lentil is cooked more than half, then add broccoli and cook for 2 minutes. Switch off the hob.
Step 3
Take another pan, add olive oil then onion rounds and cook for 5 to 8 minutes till golden brown color. Stir in between to avoid burning of onion.
Step 4
In another bowl add eggs, beat it, then add salt,black pepper, mixed herbs and lentil broccoli mixture, mix well. Now add all this mixture in onions, add cherry tomatoes. Keep this mixture in oven for 190°C / 375°F / Gas Mark 5 or in pan on hob for 10-12 minutes.
Step 5
Remove from oven, ready to serve hot, sprinkle cheese (optional).
This recipe is 212kcal or 886kj in calories
 

Buckwheat scones

Serves 6
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 25 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Dessert, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party

Ingredients

  • 100g Buckwheat flour
  • 100g rice flour
  • 25g sugar
  • 1 banana or apple
  • 100 Grams tofu
  • 1 egg
  • 150ml milk
  • 1 teaspoon bicarbonate soda
  • 70g butter or margarine
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Directions

Step 1
Beat the banana or apple or tofu to a smooth puree with the milk and egg.
Step 2
Mix all the dry ingredients for the scones together with the butter or margarine.
Step 3
Fold the floor mixture into the puree. Do not over mix and do not leave to stand at this point or you will loose the light structure to the scones.
Step 4
Pour the mixture on baking tray lined with parchment paper or by butter.
Step 5
Bake it in the oven on 220°C / 425°F / Gas Mark 7 for 20 to 22 minutes until it becomes brown.
Step 6
Serve hot with jam or cream.

Chickenpox in childhood

Chickenpox is one of the common childhood infections, it is also called as varicella. It is highly infectious and affects mainly children under the age of 10 years.

Cause: it is usually a mild illness caused by a virus herpes zoster or shingles. The incubation period of infection is about 2-3 weeks. This virus can spread from person to person by direct contact with fluid from broken chickenpox blisters. It also spreads through the air by coughing or sneezing. sometimes chickenpox is dangerous causing death, so  early treatment is necessary.

Signs and symptoms:  Mild fever with headache and Some rashes on skin like,

  • small, dark red spots, which occur in batches on the chest and back.
  • These rapidly turns into an extremely itchy outbreak blisters, these blisters contain fluid with red bases and they can occur on all over the body and face.
  • The blisters dry and become scabs( A dry, rough protective crust that forms over a cut or wound during healing) in 4-5 days.
  • Spots at various stages of development are usually present at the same time.

Care and remedies: Reassure and comfort the child then contact to GP or Doctor.

  • Give plenty of liquids to drink, he or she should not dehydrate.
  • Give the child bath as per her comfortless.
  • Dress the child in loose comfortable cotton clothes.
  • Use calamine lotions or cream to ease the itchiness.
  • Discourage the child from scratching the spots.
  •  Doctor or GP may prescribe anti histamine cream or lotion to ease the itchiness and may prescribe antibiotics to treat spots that become infected with bacteria.
  • Keep the child away from normal person, pregnant women and children to avoid spreading of the infection.

Possible complications:

  • Scarring from scratched spots.
  • Skin infections like impetigo means  “rash” or  an outbreak of red bumps on the body., but it can be treated by antibiotics.
  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis means inflammation of the brain.
  • Hepatitis means inflammation of liver.
  • In pregnant women problems like, stillbirths, birth defects or infection to newborn.

Try these healthy recipes  to children in chickenpox,

Breakfast oats

Serves 4 adults
Prep time 10 minutes
Allergy Milk, Peanuts, Wheat
Dietary Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Cold
From book Taster recipies

Ingredients

  • 150g High fibre porridge oats
  • 25g dried cranberries
  • 50g dried apricots (chopped)
  • 25g sultanas
  • 300ml apple juice (unsweetened)
  • 8 tablespoons low fat natural yoghurt
  • 100g bluberries (fresh or frozen)
  • 100g rasberries (fresh or frozen)

Note

Healthy recipe for all. It contains 294kcal/ portion.

Directions

Step 1
Mix the oats, cranberries, apricots and sultanas in a large bowl.
Step 2
Stir in apple juice. Cover and pop in the fridge for overnight.
Step 3
In the morning, share the mixture between 4 bowls. Spoon 2 tablespoon of yoghurt on each serving and add blueberries and raspberries in each bowl.

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

Cheesy leeks and potato

Serves 3 baby portions
Prep time 10 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 30 minutes
Allergy Milk
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish, Salad, Side Dish, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Cold, Serve Hot
Occasion Casual Party, Formal Party
You could also use leeks and potatoes to make some soup for rest of the family.

Ingredients

  • 1 Small leek (washed and finely sliced)
  • 1 Medium potato (peeled and cut into small cubes)
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 teaspoon cheese

Note

This recipe is from www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the leek, potato and bay leaf in a pan of water, bring to the boil and simmer until the potato is soft.
Step 2
Remove from the heat, drain the vegetables and allow them to cool.
Step 3
Remove the bay leaf and mash the vegetables together with the cheese.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dieatary disorders in Childrens

During the childhood most common disorders are, Constipation,diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abnormal bowel movements and dysentery . In this article you can see all types of dietary disorders in children.

Constipation: It occurs when there is pain and difficulty in passing faeces or stools and they emerge hard and dry with infrequent bowel movements. Occasionally, bright red blood may be passed with hard stools. This blood comes from a slight tear in the skin around the anus, this happens because constipated child struggles to pass an abnormally dry and hard stool. Constipation may be for short time or long time.

Causes: Short time constipation may be cause due to,

  • Dehydration.
  • Insufficient fibre in the child’s diet.
  • Changes made to a child’s diet like change from breast or formula milk to cow’s milk.

Long time or chronic constipation,

  • Children who are toilet training may become constipated, they may then start withhold their faeces and refuse to go to the toilet this will leads to constipation problem.
  • The pain resulting from a break or tear around the anus which may be leads to bleeding sometime. due to this condition child get fear for going to the toilet.
  • Lack of fibrous food and liquid from the diet.
  • Food intolerance.
  • Loss of appetite.

Care and Remedies:

  • Change the diet into fibrous food like whole grain bread, cereals, fruit and vegetables.
  • Give plenty of water or juices to your child.
  • Teach them some exercises to stimulate bowels.
  • If child is more than  years old, avoid giving more than 500ml milk because it may increases constipation.
  • For older children give prunes or prune juice, beans, carrots, spinach, raisins and green vegetable soups.
  • If the child is toilet trained, then encourage him or her to seat on toilet on every morning after breakfast for 10 minutes, this will built an healthy habit of good bowel movement. Morning is the best time because of gastro-colic reflux which gives easy passing of stool. 
  • Doctor or GP may suggest you stool softener or laxative for chronic constipation. But do not take this medicine on your own.
  • Do not give enemas or suppositories.

More information: This is fairly common in babies who starts solid food or in weaning. Constipation problem may be more in summer because child in not drinking liquid in more amount and so dehydrated. Here are some recipes which will help you to reduce the constipation problem. Good Luck!!

You can try these recipes like

Lentil Soup

Serves 2
Prep time 20 minutes
Cook time 30 minutes
Total time 50 minutes
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Lunch, Side Dish, Snack, Soup
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Serve Hot

Ingredients

  • 275g brown or green lentils (small variety)
  • 100ml Extra virgin oil
  • 1 Medium onion (thinly sliced)
  • 2 Small Garlic (thinly sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 400g chopped tomatoes (or 1 can)
  • 1 heaped tablespoon Tomato puree
  • 1l Hot water (vegetable or chicken stock)
  • fresh black pepper
  • salt to taste

Note

This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Rinse the lentils, drain them and put them in a large bowl with water cover it. Soak this lentil for 10 minutes. This will give nice texture to the soup.
Step 2
After soaking ,strain it, discard the water and keep aside the lentil. Now take a pan add oil, garlic, onion saute until translucent. Now add lentils, carrots, tomatoes, tomato puree, green herbs and stock or hot water, stir it properly.
Step 3
Add pepper and salt to taste. Bring it boil for 20 to 25 minutes until the lentil becomes soft or cooked. Stir well, add green herbs on top and serve hot. This is tasty and nutritious soup for all ages.
     

White Bean Soup

Serves 4
Prep time 40 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 1 hour
Dietary Diabetic, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Appetizer, Soup, Starter
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Occasion Formal Party
This recipe is written by www.thepostnatal.com.

Ingredients

  • 400g cans butter beans 3 cans (drained and rinsed)
  • 900ml vegetable stock
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 3 clove garlic (finely chopped)
  • 6 tomatoes (finely chopped)
  • 2 tablespoons chopped coriander
  • salt (to taste)
  • fresh black pepper (to taste)

Note

This healthy and nutritious recipe have 150 calories per servings.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Put the beans and stock in a medium saucepan, bring to boil, reduce the heat, cover and simmer for 10 to 12 minutes.
Step 2
Now remove one third of beans in another pot. Remaining beans you can mashed it by blender or food processor into fine pure. Now mixed the beans the and pure into one saucepan.
Step 3
Add olive oil in the saucepan, add garlic then fry gently till golden color appears. Now add chopped tomatoes and simmer it fir 5 to 8 minutes.
Step 4
Stir the mixture meanwhile. Add salt, black pepper and coriander mix well, stop heating. Serve hot.
Step 5
Instead of cans beans, you can also used dried beans approx 500gms, just by soaking it into water for overnight. Drain it and cooked into water for 20 minutes in pressure cooker or 40 to 50 minutes in microwave or on hob. Till it becomes soft for pure.

Ideas for Sandwiches

Allergy Egg, Fish
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegetarian
Meal type Bread, Breakfast, Lunch, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Gourmet, Pre-preparable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot

Note

For this recipe savoury fillings are, cheese, sardines in oil or brine, tuna in oil or brine, carrot,cucumber, lettuce, tomatoes, bean sprouts, cold meat.

Sweet Fillings: Jam, honey, black treacle, maple syrup, banana, fresh fruit slices.

This recipe is given by www.thepostnatal.com

Directions

Step 1
Spread the butter on both bread and use the different fillings which are given above.