Category Archives: Recipes for children

Failure to thrive (FTT)

Failure to thrive (FTT) is the general description used for a baby who does not gain weight at the expected rate.

Causes:

  • Genetic factors:

Small parents generally have babies who are small and who grow into small children.
Under feeding: Babies need 120 to 150 ml milk per kg of their body weight every day. If they receive less than that required amount, they will not gain weight in sufficient amount. There are certain reasons for underfeeding like,
First-time parents who are feeding their baby on demand may not give enough food as babies do not always cry when they are hungry and may appear satisfied.
Babies of low birth weight actually need more calories than those of normal birth weight. They need to make up for losing out on the valuable nutrients provided in the womb.
Some premature babies tire easily when feeding and may sleep for longer periods.
Some babies have sucking difficulties caused by cleft lip and palate.
Difficulties with absorbing food: This includes,
Cows milk intolerance
Cystic fibrosis
Coeliac disease

  • Physical disorders:

These are rare conditions, like heart disorders and pyloric stenosis.
Infection: Any infection or illness can temporarily affect baby’s health, like
Infections to ear, nose and throat, Gastroenteritis, Urinary tract infections
Whooping cough.

  • Emotional and social factors:

This includes safe, secure and happy home environmental is essential to a child’s health and well-being, this includes, Child abusing, this may be intentional, or neglecting a child is an unintentional way.Poor parenting skills or lack of support like mother or carer feeds incorrectly.Difficulty in mother and baby relationship or bonding or attachment, or mother may be in the post natal depression.Financial problems to parents. Living in poverty may find it difficult to meet all the needs of a young baby.
Signs and Symptoms: Failure to thrive can be noticed by GP or health visitor at the child clinic. Initially health visitors visit home to check the baby’s health, so it’s not necessary to visit the baby clinic that time.

Squint problem in babies

In this article you will find all information about, squint in children.

A squint is when eyes do not look in the same direction at the same time.

Cause:

Babies under the age of 4 months often squint because the mechanism that co ordinate the eyes is not fully developed. A squint in older children is because of long sightedness.

Short-sightedness (myopia) other people have eyes that are too long, so the light focuses in front of the retina (they are short-sighted). This means that they cannot see things clearly if they are far away from them (such as the TV or board at school).

Symptoms: When the baby is looking directly at an object you should notice,

An eye that turns too far in then its called convergent squint.
An eye that turns too far out then its called a divergent squint.
An eye up and down then it’s called a vertical squint.
General care:

See a doctor if the baby is older than 4 months and still you notice the squint.
Be aware that a baby with wide bridge to the nose can appear to have a squint when there is none.
If a squint is diagnosed, the baby will be referred to an ophthalmologist, who may prescribe, an operation to correct squint surgically or eye exercise or any other treatment.
As long as treatment is provided soon after a squint appearing, the baby’s vision should develop normally.

Health problems in babies under one year

There are several health issues are found in babies under one year. I this article you will find all the information related to all problems.

Coeliac disease 

Cow’s milk protein intolerance: It is not an allergy. It is the inability to digest protein from cow’s milk. Cause are not known, but the problem usually appears between one week and several months after a baby starts cow’s milk.

Symptoms: Vomiting or diarrhoea which occurs soon after introducing the cow’s milk in the diet.

General care: After 2 weeks a trial amount of cow’s milk is offered under medical supervision if the symptoms recur, the diagnosis is confirmed. The cow’s milk trial will be repeated every three months, until the baby no longer has an adverse reaction to the protein, Change the amount of milk gradually. Generally, by the age of 3, the intolerance to cow’s  milk problem disappear. But if this will not happen, then take proper advice from Doctor.

Lactose intolerance

This is the intolerance for babies about the sugar which is found in the milk. It is not an allergy.

Cause: It is caused by an inability to break down the lactose in the small intestine, because of deficiency of the necessary enzyme. It can also develop as a complication of the coeliac disease. Some got permeant lactose intolerance which can be genetic in origin and is commonly found on people of Africa and Asia.

Symptoms:

General care:

  • See the Doctor, He or she will examine the baby properly and will give you the right advice.
  • If lactose intolerance is not diagnosed on correct time, baby’s growth and development will not take place properly.
  • The most common foods that are high in lactose include dairy products such as milk, ice cream, and cheese. Lactose is also added to some foods, such as bread and baked goods, cereals, salad dressings, candies, and snacks. Avoid these food products in lactose intolerance.

Milk spots or Milia: These are frequently found in newborn infants. These look like pearly white spots on cheeks, nose and chin. These are not itchy and not harmful to the baby.

Cause: Milk spots are caused when the sebaceous gland (in the skin that secretes an oily or waxy matter, called sebum, to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair of humans.) in the newborn baby’s skin is blocked. But this blockage is due to the immature development of gland.

General care: Not needed. It will disappear after few weeks. But if it does not disappear then consult to the Doctor.

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Croup
Croup is inflammation and narrowing of the main airway to the lungs. It mainly affects babies and children between 6 months to 3 years of age. Usually, it caused by a virus, but occasionally it is an allergy.

Symptoms: Mostly it occurs in the early morning and lasts for few hours.
1. Usually, starts with common cold signs like a runny nose, and sneezing.
2. Noisy, rasping breathing and difficulty to take breathing.
3. Persistent coughing.
4. Restless and lots of salivating.
5. Irritability.
6. The blueness of the lips or face.

General care:
• Create a warm and humid atmosphere for that, take a child into the bathroom and run the hot taps to create steam or spray the hot shower against the sides of the bath, making sure that babily is safe from hot water. Another option is to boil water in kettle continuously. When the attack has subsided, put the child back in bed and try to create a moist atmosphere in the bedroom.
• If the symptoms persistent and the child show signs of cyanosis or difficulty in breathing call the Doctor.
• Give paracetamol and lots of warm drinks.
• Cuddle and reassure the child, who is usually very frightened.
• Children with asthma are prone to the attack of croup and may require special asthma preventer drugs at the first signs of a croup attack.

Gastroenteritis: Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestine, causing diarrhoea and/or vomiting.

 Causes:

  • The usual cause is a virus which may be transmitted through the air.
  • Or may be by contact with infected faeces. Bacteria in food or drinks can also cause gastro entities.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced to feed
  • Abdominal pain ( baby may draw the knees up)
  • Fever
  • Unwell and lethargic
  • Vomiting and/or diarrhoea can lead to dehydration problem also.

General care:

  • If the baby if under 3 months old, called the doctor immediately or ask the GP as soon as possible.
  • Prevent dehydration of the baby by giving liquid or drink like water or make a sugar solution. For this, you need 2 teaspoon sugar in 200ml boiled water, cool it. Then give it 1 to 2 teaspoons in short intervals. If the baby is taking only breastfeed then give this sugar drink after breastfeed.
  • If still there is no improvement in 24 hours call to Doctor or GP.

When all the symptoms subside and the problem is diagnosed. Then slowly start a regular diet for the baby with maintained a good hygiene environment. Long term dehydration to the baby is fatal so try to rehydrate the baby after vomiting and/ or diarrhoea.

Thrush

Thrush is the infection that commonly develops in the mouth of babies and young children. It sometimes appears surrounding the anus, buttocks and thighs.

Causes

It is caused by a yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans. It lives naturally on the skin and in the vagina, mouth and bowel. The natural balance can be disturbed when illness or a course of antibiotics which is already taken. Due to this immune system is failed to fight with Candida bacteria. This leads to increase in a number of Candida bacteria more than normal, and then it causes inflammation in the skin.

Symptoms

  • Spots inside the baby’s cheeks that look like the remains of milk which, when wiped gently with a tissue, revealed a sore path beneath.
  • A bright red nappy rash that isn’t helped by normal creams.
  • The baby may refuse the feeds.

General care

  • Consult with the Doctor or GP, who will prescribe antifungal medicine for baby. Also, give the medicine to mummy if she breastfeeds her child.
  • If the baby finds it painful to feed on the bottle or finds it hard so suck from the breast, try feeding by spoon.
  • Wash your hand after the nappy change and before a feed.
  • If none of the antifungal treatment works, consult with the Doctor or GP again, because secondary bacterial infection may have set in on top of the thrush.
  • An alternative treatment for oral thrush is the homoeopathic medicine. The concern with the Homoeopathic expert.

You can try these recipes during baby’s health problems.

Baby’s rice

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 10 minutes
Total time 15 minutes
Dietary Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch, Main Dish
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot
Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion. It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Ingredients

  • 50g brown and white rice
  • breast or formula milk (to thin)

Note

 

Rice is a good source of B - vitamins and selenium, as well as slow-releasing energy, which is good for hungry babies. It is naturally gluten-free, which makes it easy for digestion.
It can be refrigerated for 2 days or freeze for up to 1 month.

Directions

Step 1
Put the uncooked rice in a blender and blend to form a fine powder.
Step 2
Put the rice powder in a saucepan and pour over 250 ml boiling water, then cook over a low heat for 5 minutes, until the water has absorbed and the mixture has thickened.
Step 3
Take the rice off the heat and stir in the milk.

Pear and parsnip puree

Serves 4
Prep time 5 minutes
Cook time 15 minutes
Total time 20 minutes
Dietary Gluten Free, Vegan, Vegetarian
Meal type Breakfast, Lunch
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Pre-preparable, Serve Hot
Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Ingredients

  • 1 pear (peeled,cored and evenly chopped)
  • 1 parsnip (peeled and diced)
  • or 1carrot (peeled and diced)

Note

Parsnips provide a good amount of natural sugars and fibre. It is also rich in antioxidants, vitamin C and E and potassium. These nutrients will help to enhance baby's immune system and muscle and nerve system .

Directions

Step 1
Steam the parsnip for 5 minutes,then add the pear and continue to steam for a further 8 to 10 minutes until both are tender.
Step 2
Put the parsnip and pear in a blender or food processor and process until soft and smooth. Add a little water from the steamer, if necessary.