Category Archives: 0 to 3 Years

Good for new parents..

Heat rash in babies and children

Heat rash is a rash of very tiny clear or red bumps on the skin. It is most common in babies and in very young children. But can occur at any stage.
Heat rash can cause by overheating by wearing too many clothes in warm weather. Due to this, the pores leading to sweat glands become blocked, with an increase in heat and humidity. Sweat gland always secrets sweat in warm or hot weather or temperature, but because of pores are blocked, the sweat is held within the skin and forms the red bumps or occasionally small blisters in babies.


• An itchy rash usually appears on the baby’s chest or back or other parts of heavy perspiration like neck, face and skin folds.

• The rash may look like lots of small red bumps or clusters of fluid-filled skin blisters.

General care:

• Offer tepid (Lukewarm water) bath
• Apply calamine lotion or cream to relieve the itching.
Dress the baby inappropriate clothing for the warm weather.
• The rash should disappear in few hours. If not consult to Doctor or GP as soon as possible.

• Cool the baby by removing layers of clothing.

Failure to thrive in babies (FTT)

Failure to thrive (FTT) is the general description used for a baby who does not gain weight at the expected rate.


  • Genetic factors:

Small parents generally have babies who are small and who grow into small children.
Under feeding: Babies need 120 to 150 ml milk per kg of their body weight every day. If they receive less than that required amount, they will not gain weight in sufficient amount. There are certain reasons for underfeeding like,

  1. First-time parents who are feeding their baby on demand may not give enough food as babies do not always cry when they are hungry and may appear satisfied.
  2. Babies of low birth weight actually need more calories than those of normal birth weight. They need to make up for losing out on the valuable nutrients provided in the womb.
  3. Some premature babies tire easily when feeding and may sleep for longer periods.
    Some babies have sucking difficulties caused by cleft lip and palate.
    Difficulties with absorbing food: This includes,
    Cows milk intolerance
    Cystic fibrosis
    Coeliac disease
  • Physical disorders:

These are rare conditions, like heart disorders and pyloric stenosis.

Infection: Any infection or illness can temporarily affect baby’s health, like
Infections to ear, nose and throat, Gastroenteritis, Urinary tract infections
Whooping cough.

  • Emotional and social factors:

This includes safe, secure and happy home environmental is essential to a child’s health and well-being, this includes, Child abusing, this may be intentional, or neglecting a child is an unintentional way.Poor parenting skills or lack of support like mother or carer feeds incorrectly.Difficulty in mother and baby relationship or bonding or attachment, or mother may be in the post natal depression.Financial problems to parents. Living in poverty may find it difficult to meet all the needs of a young baby.

  • Signs and Symptoms: Failure to thrive can be noticed by GP or health visitor at the child clinic. Initially health visitors visit home to check the baby’s health, so it’s not necessary to visit the baby clinic that time.

Squint problem in babies

In this article you will find all information about, squint in children.

A squint is when eyes do not look in the same direction at the same time.


Babies under the age of 4 months often squint because the mechanism that co ordinate the eyes is not fully developed. A squint in older children is because of long sightedness.

Short-sightedness (myopia) other people have eyes that are too long, so the light focuses in front of the retina (they are short-sighted). This means that they cannot see things clearly if they are far away from them (such as the TV or board at school).

Symptoms: When the baby is looking directly at an object you should notice,

An eye that turns too far in then its called convergent squint.
An eye that turns too far out then its called a divergent squint.
An eye up and down then it’s called a vertical squint.
General care:

See a doctor if the baby is older than 4 months and still you notice the squint.
Be aware that a baby with wide bridge to the nose can appear to have a squint when there is none.
If a squint is diagnosed, the baby will be referred to an ophthalmologist, who may prescribe, an operation to correct squint surgically or eye exercise or any other treatment.
As long as treatment is provided soon after a squint appearing, the baby’s vision should develop normally.