Newborn baby’s physiology changes continuously which takes some time to settle in new environment. During this settling period some babies shows little color changes like, spots, blotches, swelling, and secretions, many of which look very peculiar. In this article you will read about spots, patches, birthmarks and peeling in detail.
Skin: Newborn skin has an overall pink-red or white, Shows some uneven color because the circulation is not yet fully efficient, blood may sometimes pool in the lower half of a baby’s body, so that when he has been still for a long time it looks half red and half pale. And sometimes a full ration of circulating blood does not reach the baby’s extremities so that as he lies asleep, his hands and feet look bluish. As soon as you pick the baby up or turn him over, the skin color will even out.
Spots: Because the skin is fragile it is easily damaged. Neonatal urticaria (Urticaria is thought to be due to release of histamine and other mediators from mast cells in the skin; why this occurs is not always understood.), consisting of a rash of red blotchy spots with tiny red centers that come and go on different parts of the baby’s body; each group lasting only a few hours; tiny white spots, usually on the nose and cheeks called milk spots or milia, that may last for several weeks and the grimly named but harmless. Toxic Erythema an irregular red blotches with pale middles that look like a collection of insects bites. They may spoil your baby’s completion for some time but they do not harm and not need a treatment.
Blue patches or Mongolian blue spots:These are just temporary accumulation of pigment under the skin. They are more usually in babies of African or Mongolian descent but can also seen in babies of Mediterranean descent or in any baby whose skin is going to be fairly dark. They are nothing to do with any disorder of the food.
Birthmarks:There are many kinds of birthmarks ; only doctor or midwife can say whether the mark worries you is birthmark and if so whether it is the kind that will vanish on its own or not. But remember that red marks on the skin often arise from pressure during the birth. These kinds of mark vanish within few days.
Peeling:Most new babies’ skin peels a little in the first few days. It is often most noticeable on palms and soles. Most premature babies may have extra dry skin, and babies of Afro – Caribbean and Asian descent often have skin and hair that is much dryer than babies of European descent. If the dry skin requires any lotions then doctor or midwife will suggest that.
Scurf on scalp:This is as normal as skin peeling. A really thick cap shaped layer of brownish scales known as Cradle cap. Sometimes it may spread to the baby’s eyebrows and behind the ears, your doctor or midwife will suggest you special shampoo, ointment or oil.