Immunization Schedules for 0 to 5 years old children.

In this article you will find vaccination or immunization schedules for different countries like USA, UK and India respectively.

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  • Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 through 6 Years—United States • 2010

1. Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB). (Minimum age: birth)

At birth:

• Administer monovalent HepB to all newborns before hospital discharge.

• If mother is hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive, administer HepB and 0.5 mL of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) within 12 hours of birth.

• If mother’s HBsAg status is unknown, administer HepB within 12 hours of birth. Determine mother’s HBsAg status as soon as possible and, if HBsAg-positive, administer HBIG (no later than age 1 week).

After the birth dose:

• The HepB series should be completed with either monovalent HepB or a combina­tion vaccine containing HepB. The second dose should be administered at age 1 or 2 months. Monovalent HepB vaccine should be used for doses administered before age 6 weeks. The final dose should be administered no earlier than age 24 weeks.

• Infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers should be tested for HBsAg and antibody to HBsAg 1 to 2 months after completion of at least 3 doses of the HepB series, at age 9 through 18 months (generally at the next well-child visit).

• Administration of 4 doses of HepB to infants is permissible when a combination vaccine containing HepB is administered after the birth dose. The fourth dose should be administered no earlier than age 24 weeks.

2. Rotavirus vaccine (RV). (Minimum age: 6 weeks)

• Administer the first dose at age 6 through 14 weeks (maximum age: 14 weeks 6 days). Vaccination should not be initiated for infants aged 15 weeks 0 days or older.

• The maximum age for the final dose in the series is 8 months 0 days

• If Rotarix is administered at ages 2 and 4 months, a dose at 6 months is not indicated.

3. Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP).

(Minimum age: 6 weeks)

• The fourth dose may be administered as early as age 12 months, provided at least 6 months have elapsed since the third dose.

• Administer the final dose in the series at age 4 through 6 years.

4. Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (Hib).

(Minimum age: 6 weeks)

• If PRP-OMP (PedvaxHIB or Comvax [HepB-Hib]) is administered at ages 2 and 4 months, a dose at age 6 months is not indicated.

• TriHiBit (DTaP/Hib) and Hiberix (PRP-T) should not be used for doses at ages 2, 4, or 6 months for the primary series but can be used as the final dose in children aged 12 months through 4 years.

5. Pneumococcal vaccine. (Minimum age: 6 weeks for pneumococcal conjugate vaccine [PCV]; 2 years for pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine [PPSV])

• PCV is recommended for all children aged younger than 5 years. Administer 1 dose of PCV to all healthy children aged 24 through 59 months who are not completely vaccinated for their age.

• Administer PPSV 2 or more months after last dose of PCV to children aged 2 years or older with certain underlying medical conditions.

6. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) (Minimum age: 6 weeks)

• The final dose in the series should be administered on or after the fourth birthday and at least 6 months following the previous dose.

• If 4 doses are administered prior to age 4 years a fifth dose should be administered at age 4 through 6 years.

7. Influenza vaccine (seasonal). (Minimum age: 6 months for trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine [TIV]; 2 years for live, attenuated influenza vaccine [LAIV])

• Administer annually to children aged 6 months through 18 years.

• For healthy children aged 2 through 6 years (i.e., those who do not have underly­ing medical conditions that predispose them to influenza complications), either LAIV or TIV may be used, except LAIV should not be given to children aged 2 through 4 years who have had wheezing in the past 12 months.

• Children receiving TIV should receive 0.25 mL if aged 6 through 35 months or 0.5 mL if aged 3 years or older.

• Administer 2 doses (separated by at least 4 weeks) to children aged younger than 9 years who are receiving influenza vaccine for the first time or who were vaccinated for the first time during the previous influenza season but only received 1 dose.

• For recommendations for use of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine.

8. Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). (Minimum age: 12 months)

• Administer the second dose routinely at age 4 through 6 years. However, the second dose may be administered before age 4, provided at least 28 days have elapsed since the first dose.

9. Varicella vaccine. (Minimum age: 12 months)

• Administer the second dose routinely at age 4 through 6 years. However, the second dose may be administered before age 4, provided at least 3 months have elapsed since the first dose.

• For children aged 12 months through 12 years the minimum interval between doses is 3 months. However, if the second dose was administered at least 28 days after the first dose, it can be accepted as valid.

10. Hepatitis A vaccine (HepA). (Minimum age: 12 months)

• Administer to all children aged 1 year (i.e., aged 12 through 23 months). Administer 2 doses at least 6 months apart.

• Children not fully vaccinated by age 2 years can be vaccinated at subsequent visits

• HepA also is recommended for older children who live in areas where vaccina­tion programs target older children, who are at increased risk for infection, or for whom immunity against hepatitis A is desired.

11. Meningococcal vaccine. (Minimum age: 2 years for meningococcal conjugate vaccine [MCV4] and for meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine [MPSV4])

• Administer MCV4 to children aged 2 through 10 years with persistent comple­ment component deficiency, anatomic or functional asplenia, and certain other conditions placing them at high risk.

• Administer MCV4 to children previously vaccinated with MCV4 or MPSV4 after 3 years if first dose administered at age 2 through 6 years.

 

Routine childhood immunization programme:

  • Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 through 18 Years—United Kingdom

Each vaccination is given as a single injection into the muscle of the thigh or upper arm.

After birth Immunizations,

Age due Immunization
8 weeks 1st Diphtheria, tetanus, Whooping cough, Hib, Polio, 1st Pneumococcal.
12 weeks 2nd Diphtheria, , tetanus, Whooping cough, Hib, Polio, 1st Meningitis C.
16 weeks 3rd Diphtheria, , tetanus, Whooping cough, Hib, Polio, 1st Meningitis C, 2nd Pneumococcal.
When to immunize Disease protected against Vaccine given
Two months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis            ( whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) Pneumococcal infection DTaP /IPV/ Hib and Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)
Three months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis            ( whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) Meningitis C (meningococcal group C) DTaP/ IPV/ Hib and MenC
Four months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis            ( whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) Pneumococcal infection and Meningitis C DTaP /IPV/ Hib and Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and MenC
Around 12 months Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib) and Meningitis C Hib/ MenC
Around 13 months Measles, mumps and rubella (German measles)  Pneumococcal infection MMR and PCV
Three years four months to five years old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis            ( whooping cough), polio and Measles, mumps and rubella DTaP /IPV and MMR
Thirteen to eighteen years old Tetanus, Diphtheria and polio Td/ IPV

Non routine immunizations

When to immunize Disease protect against Vaccine given
At birth ( to babies who are more likely to come into contact with TB than the general population) Tuberculosis BCG
At birth (to babies whose mothers are hepatitis B positive Hepatitis B Hep  B

 

  • Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 through 15 Years— INDIA
DOSE AGE  FOR  VACCINATION
BCG At birth
Polio 1 1month
Polio 2 2 month
Polio 3 3 month
Polio 4 4 month
Polio 5 5 month
Five in one 3 doses (DPT / HIB/ H-INFLUENZA/Hep A 3 to 4 months
Prevenar  1 7 to 8 months
Measles 9 months
Prevenar 2 11 months
Prevenar3 13 months
IPV 1 12 months
IPV 2 14 months
Booster –HIB 15 months
Hep B 16 months
Booster 1 (DPT/ HIB) 18 months
Prevenar Booster 18 months
IPV 3 21 months
Havrix 2 years
Typhoid 2years 2 months
Chicken pox 2 years 2 months
Booster 2 5 years
DT/ TT 10 years
DT/ TT 15 years

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